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Table 1 Predicted environmental concentrations (PECs) in runoff (water phase and solids) based on measured values (average, minimum and maximum) reported in literature (see Supporting information, Table S4)

From: Environmental risks of car tire microplastic particles and other road runoff pollutants

Pollutantb Runoff water (μg/l) Runoff solids (μg/gdw) Reference
TWP 29,737 (975–58,500) 148,040 (520a-390000a) [78,79,80]
BaP 0.28 (0.0008–0.83) 0.58 (0.21–0.94) [78, 81]
BPA 0.23 (0.03–0.55) 0.15 (0.06–0.24) [78, 82]
DEHP 1.22 (0.66–2.27) 55.30 (2.44–98.00) [78, 83]
DIDP 3.93 (0.60–8.60) 72.10 (4.61–139.59) [78, 83]
Fl. 1.22 (0.003–3.65) 1.36 (0.30–2.41) [78, 81]
HMMM 2.32 (0.88–3.89) 0.017 (0.002–0.032) [78, 84]
MBT 0.043 (0.010–0.110) 0.60 (0.19–1.01) [78, 85]
NP 0.13 (0.01–0.36) 1.03 (0.001–3.1) [78, 82]
OP 0.091 (0.016–0.197) 0.99 (0.53–1.45) [78, 82]
TT 0.90 (0.010–2.30) 0.57 (0.039–1.10) [78, 85]
  1. aConcentration in solids reported in literature in ww and here converted to dw using a factor of 2.6
  2. bPollutants: BaP Benzo(a) pyrene, BPA Bisphenol A, DEHP Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, DIDP Diisodecyl phthalate, Fl. Fluoranthene, HMMM Hexa (methoxymethyl) melamine, MBT Mercaptobenzothiazole, MP Microplastics, NP Nonylphenol, OP 4-tert-octylphenol, TWP Tire Wear Particles, TT Tolyltriazole